PHOX Ligands Play Specific Role in Transition Metal Mediated Catalytic Reactions

PHOX Ligands Play Specific Role in Transition Metal Mediated Catalytic Reactions

Phosphinooxazoline Ligands in Asymmetric Synthesis

 hosphinooxazolines, also known as PHOX, are unsymmetrical bidentate P, N ligands which are successfully used in asymmetric catalytic transformations. [1, 2] The symmetrical oxazoline – reaction processes are controlled sterically and electronically by the metal complexes containing a chiral organic ligand. Conversely   In hemilabile P,N PHOX ligand-promoted processes, electronic control on enantioselectivity is dominate and nucleophilic attacks occur trans to the better p-acceptor, “soft” phosphorus rather than the s-donor, “hard” nitrogen ligand.[3]  In addition, PHOX ligands are also able to affect enantioselectivity.[3, 4]

 

The basic phosphinooxazolines, such as (R)-iPr-PHOX (15-1821) CAS 164858 -78-0 and (S)-iPr-PHOX (15-1822) CAS 148461-14-7 are successfully applied to various transition metal-catalysed transformations including asymmetric reduction of olefins, the Heck reaction without promoting double bond isomerization, allylic substitution and others.  For more detailed applications and reaction application by variation of the oxazoline ring, the backbone, and the phosphine moiety.[1]  descriptions please check the corresponding product technical notes on our website.

Due to a chiral phosphinooxazolines’ modular structure, the steric and electronic properties can be tailored for a specific Therefore, introduction of a chiral spiro group into the phosphino-oxazoline molecule expands the application scope of these SIPHOX ligands.  Rigid and sterically hindered

Phosphinooxazoline Ligands in Asymmetric Synthesis

ligands create an efficient chiral environment around the catalytic metal centre which are responsible for the high level of enantioselectivity of the reaction.[5]

For example, by using (Ra,S)-Ph-Bn-SIPHOX (15-5186) , (Ra,S)-DTB-Bn-SIPHOX (15-5190) or (Sa,S)-DTB-Bn-SIPHOX (15-5191) CAS 1040274-10-9 the  asymmetric hydrogenation of α,-oxy-α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids proceeds smoothly with extremely high enantioselectivities (up to 99.8%) and reactivities (TON up to 10 000) under mild conditions[5]  (Sa,S)-Ph-Bn-SIPHOX (15-5187) CA913829-88-6S  isomer is a chiral ligand for the iridium-catalysed asymmetric hydrogenation of imines.[6]